Calandri, S. Paoli, A. Varsori (eds.), Peoples and Borders. Seventy Years of Migration in Europe, from Europe, to Europe (1945-2015), Baden-Baden: Nomos 2017, 322 pp., ISBN 978-3-8487-3452-8
Nicolae Paun, Sylvain Schirmann (eds.) Borders, Identities, Communities. The Road to Reconciliation and Partnership in Central and Eastern Europe, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2016, 537 pp. ISBN 978-3-8487-3323-1
This book explores reconciliation in East-Central Europe amid the process of EU integration, with historical references and analyses of current political and diplomatic processes in the region. It is a useful tool for scholars and students alike who wish to explore an up-to-date collection of articles written by scholars from the region and members of the European Union‘s Liaison Committee of Historians. The studies adopt a multidisciplinary approach, including focusing on the Franco-German model of reconciliation as well as on the situation related to borders, identities and communities in the East-Central area in the current (geo-)political, economic and cultural context. Special emphasis is placed on such matters concerning the region as populism, teaching its common history and integration endeavours. The studies were presented during the International Conference on ‘Disintegration and Integration in East-Central Europe’, 3rd Edition (Berlin, 2016). The research area is European Integration.
Klaus Schwabe, Jean Monnet. Frankreich, die Deutschen und die Einigung Europas, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2016, 480 pp., ISBN 978-3-8487-3385-9, 49,- €
At a time when extreme notions of sovereignty and exaggerated demands for centralized regulation are tending to lead the European Union into difficulties, a more profound knowledge of the roots of European integration seems desirable. This is what this biography of Jean Monnet, the inventor of the Schuman-Plan and the tireless promoter of European unity, attempts to contribute to. The author, professor emeritus at the University of Aachen, focuses on the three decades after the end of World War Two. This was the period when the Common Market was founded and Western Europe, as a partner of the United States, had to assert itself in the Cold War. The author explains how Monnet coped with the legacies of the war: the German problem, clashing Franco-German interests, and how he derived lessons for the future from them. A critical biography also has to interpret the failures Monnet experienced and to answer the question of how this resourceful Frenchman, despite such disappointments, managed to keep European integration moving ahead.